Lilian I. Ezenwa
Areas of research interest: Climate Change, Pollution control, Environmental (Soil & Plants) Conservation
Home Institution Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State. Nigeria.
Host Institution Moi University, Kenya
Summary of research:
Recently, (Feb. 2017) Kenyan government declared drought a national disaster, as this has affected almost 23 counties out of 43 counties in Kenya. Drought which has been known to be shortage in precipitation over an extended period, usually a season or more, resulting in water shortage causing adverse impacts on vegetation, animals, and/or human. However, Baringo County is one of the 23 arid and semi-arid (ASAL) areas in Kenya and is located in the northern part of the country with a population of approximately half a million people. The County is prone to drought as the main disaster and has four livelihood zones namely: pastoralist, agro-pastoralist, irrigated and mixed farming zones. Vegetation cover
in Baringo County has reduced to nearly a third between October and December 2016.
This research is centered on the different ways in which men and women contribute to drought, the different ways they respond to and are able to cope with drought, and the differences on how they are able to move from short-term coping strategies to resilience. Though, women form inexplicably a large share of the poor in developing countries. Women in rural areas in developing countries are highly dependent on local natural resources for their livelihood, because of their obligation to fetch water, secure food and energy for cooking.